Basics of Process Piping Design and Engineering

What is Mean By Code?

It consist of Standard or Rule for Deign,Fabrication,Installation,Inspection,Testing of Industrial process plants.

What is Mean By Standards?

It is a group of Rules prepared by professional group of people for the Design,Manufacturing and pressure Integrity of the components.

Use of standards is responsibility of users but code has to followed as Mandatory requirement.

Codes – It is applicable For all Piping system.

Standards- It is applicable for Individual Components of Piping System.

Some Piping Codes:

  1. B31.1 – Power Piping
  2. B31.3 – Process Piping
  3. B31.4 – Liquid Piping
  4. B31.5 – HVAC Piping
  5. B31.8 – Gas Piping

Major Organizations for Standards:

Sr.No Country Organization Abbreviation
1 U.S.A American Society of Mechanical Engineer/ American Nationals Standards ASME/ANSI
2 CANADA Standards Committee of Canada SCC
3 EUROPE Committee of European Normalization EN/CEN
4 BRITAIN British Standards Institute BS/BSI
5 FRANCE Association of Franciaise AFNOR
6 GERMANY Deustche Institute of Normalization DIN
7 JAPAN Japanese Industrial Standardization Committee JISC
8 INDIA Bureau of Indian Standards IS/BIS
9 WORLD Organization for International Standard ISO

Principals of Piping Engineering

  1. Safety : The piping system design,fabricated,installed and Inspected should be safe.
  2. Construct-ability : The piping system design and fabrication Should be construct table.
  3. Operation-ability : The piping system design and fabrication Should also be operable.
  4. Maintainability : The piping system design and fabrication Should also be Maintainable.
  5. Economy : The piping system design and fabrication Should also be economical.

Types of piping projects:

  1. Greenfield project : it is Completely new piping project.
  2. brownfield project : it is replacing the plant and reconstruction of the piping system.

Piping software:

  1. 2D software : AutoCAD, Microstation
  2. 3D software : PDMS , PDS, SP 3D, Auto Plan
  3. Stress analysis software : CAESAR – II
  4. Review software : SPR , Nasivwork

 

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